Ancient Egypt

Students explore the values, daily routines, structures, and rituals of ancient Egypt and compare them to those of society today, while exploring the evidence an author uses to support points in a text.

Unit Summary

As part of the upgrade to Fishtank Plus, this unit was revised in March 2021. See which texts and materials have changed as part of the revision in this guide to our 1st Grade text adjustments.

In this unit, students explore ancient Egypt. Over the course of the unit, students learn and explore different characteristics of ancient Egypt and what the ancient Egyptians valued. Through learning about the daily routines, structures, and rituals of ancient Egypt, students will be challenged to draw conclusions about what the civilization valued and how those values compare to society today. Students will also learn about the role that mummies and pyramids played in ancient Egyptian society and why archeologists and scientists have been intrigued by them ever since. It is our hope that this unit, in conjunction with the others in the sequence, will help students understand and appreciate early civilizations that have had a lasting impact on the world.

Since this is the culminating unit of the year, students will use their understanding of all 1st grade informational standards to build knowledge from the core unit texts. In addition, students will review how to determine the reasons an author gives to support points in a text, how to identify basic similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic, and how to use text features to locate key information in a text.

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Texts and Materials

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Core Materials

Assessment

This assessment accompanies this unit and should be given on the suggested assessment day or after completing the unit.

Unit Prep

Essential Questions

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  • What did ancient Egyptians believe and value?
  • How did ancient Egyptian beliefs and values shape their civilization?

Writing Focus Areas

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Sentence-Level Focus Areas

  • Use frequently occurring conjunctions “because,” “but,” and “so.”

Throughout the unit students are encouraged to respond to daily Target Task prompts using “because,” “but,” and “so.”

Paragraph-Level Focus Areas

  • Brainstorm using a Single Paragraph Outline.
  • Write a single paragraph.

In this unit, students continue to work on using a Single Paragraph Outline to draft paragraphs. Students will have opportunities to write opinion paragraphs and informational paragraphs using the outline.

Informational Writing Focus Areas

  • Name a topic.
  • Supply facts about the topic.
  • Provide closure.

At the end of the unit, students write their final informational piece of the year. Students will each write about one aspect of ancient Egyptian civilization, supplying facts about the topic.

Vocabulary

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Text-based

boast civilization decorative deserted decay fertile greed ordinary procession sacred stubborn wealthy worship

To see all the vocabulary for this course, view our 1st Grade Vocabulary Glossary.

Content Knowledge and Connections

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By the end of the unit, students will understand:

  • The Egyptian civilization started near the Nile River because they were able to get food and water from the river, they could travel up and down it to get goods, and the land was fertile for farming.
  • People had lots of different roles in ancient Egypt. There were:
    • Craftspeople who made things for other people
    • Scribes who read and wrote things for people 
    • Pharaohs who were the rulers of Egypt
  • Men and women in ancient Egypt dressed in white linen. They may have put perfume on their head and makeup on their eyes. They also wore jewelry to represent the gods or goddesses.
  • Hieroglyphics were the signs that Egyptians wrote with. There were 700 different hieroglyphs.
  • Ancient Egyptians worshiped many gods and goddesses. They built temples for their important gods. Priests took care of the statues that were inside the temples.
  • Ancient Egyptians believed in the afterlife. Instead of letting dead bodies rot and decay, they made them into mummies.
  • Ancient Egyptians built pyramids to bury pharaohs and other wealthy Egyptians. The pharaohs were buried in tombs with lots of valuables and things they would need in the afterlife, including the Book of the Dead.
  • Tomb raiders broke into the pyramids and tombs to steal all of the valuables.
  • King Tut’s tomb was one of the last tombs to be discovered.

Lesson Map

9

  • Pyramids

    RI.1.2

    RI.1.3

    RI.1.9

Identify new or different information about pyramids.

15

    RI.1.7

    SL.1.1

Analyze Egyptian artwork.

16

Assessment

17

4 days

Writing

    L.1.1

    L.1.2

    L.1.6

    RI.1.5

    W.1.2

    W.1.6

    W.1.7

    W.1.8

Write a class book about ancient Egypt.

Common Core Standards

Core Standards

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L.1.1

L.1.2

L.1.4

L.1.5

L.1.6

RI.1.2

RI.1.3

RI.1.5

RI.1.7

RI.1.8

RI.1.9

SL.1.1

SL.1.2

SL.1.6

W.1.1

W.1.2

W.1.5

W.1.6

W.1.7

W.1.8

Supporting Standards

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RI.1.1

RI.1.10

RI.1.4

SL.1.3

SL.1.4

SL.1.5