Heart and Soul: The Story of America and African Americans

Lesson 9


Unit 6

4th Grade

Lesson 9 of 29


Explain the events that led up to the South being ready for a fight.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Heart and Soul: The Story of America and African Americans by Kadir Nelson  pp. 24 – 27 — Chapter 3

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Target Task

Multiple Choice

Which option best summarizes the text?

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Which two sentences from the text are important to include in the summary?

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Writing Prompt

The last paragraph on page 26 states, "The South was fixin' for a fight." Explain the events that led up to that moment and why they were significant.

Sample Response

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Key Questions

  • Even though slavery was dying in the North, why was it gaining popularity in the South?
  • The author states, "as the country grew in size, so did the tension between North and South." What does the word "tension" mean? Why was there such deep tension between the North and the South?
  • Did everyone share the same opinion of Abraham Lincoln? In what ways did Abraham Lincoln "fuel the fire" between the North and the South?
  • Compare and contrast the illustration of Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman. What mood do they both convey? Why?




a state in which people or groups disagree with and feel anger toward each other



listening secretly to what other people are saying 

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Common Core Standards

  • RI.4.3 — Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
  • RI.4.5 — Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
  • RI.4.7 — Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.

Supporting Standards

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