Heart and Soul: The Story of America and African Americans

Lesson 9


Unit 6

4th Grade

Lesson 9 of 25


Explain the events that led up to the South being ready for a fight.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Heart and Soul: The Story of America and African Americans by Kadir Nelson  pp. 24 – 27 — Chapter 3

Fishtank Plus

Unlock features to optimize your prep time, plan engaging lessons, and monitor student progress.

Target Task

Writing Prompt

The last paragraph on page 26 states, "The South was fixin' for a fight." Explain the events that led up to that moment and why they were significant.

Sample Response

Create a free account or sign in to view Sample Response

Key Questions

Key Questions

  • Even though slavery was dying in the North, why was it gaining popularity in the South?

  • On pages 24 and 26 the author states, "as the country grew in size, so did the tension between North and South." What does the word tension mean? Why was there such deep tension between the North and the South?

  • Did everyone share the same opinion of Abraham Lincoln? In what ways did Abraham Lincoln "fuel the fire" between the North and the South?

  • Compare and contrast the illustration of Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman on pages 25 and 27. What mood do they both convey? Why?

Exit Ticket

Assess student understanding and monitor progress toward this lesson's objective with an Exit Ticket.




(p. 26)

a state in which people or groups disagree with and feel anger toward each other



(p. 26)

listening secretly to what other people are saying 

Enhanced Lesson Plan

Fishtank Plus Content

Bring your most engaging lessons to life with comprehensive instructional guidance, detailed pacing, supports to meet every student's needs, and resources to strengthen your lesson planning and delivery.

Common Core Standards

  • RI.4.3 — Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
  • RI.4.5 — Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
  • RI.4.7 — Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.

Supporting Standards

icon/arrow/right/large copy

Lesson 8


Lesson 10

Lesson Map


Request a Demo

See all of the features of Fishtank in action and begin the conversation about adoption.

Learn more about Fishtank Learning School Adoption.

Contact Information

School Information

What courses are you interested in?



Are you interested in onboarding professional learning for your teachers and instructional leaders?



Any other information you would like to provide about your school?

Effective Instruction Made Easy

Effective Instruction Made Easy

Access rigorous, relevant, and adaptable ELA lesson plans for free