What is Justice?

Students begin to explore African American history and the civil rights movement, serving as a launch for further discussions around discrimination, justice, and valuing individuals.

Unit Summary

As part of the upgrade to Fishtank Plus, this unit was revised in January 2021. See which texts and materials have changed as part of the revision in this guide to our Kindergarten text adjustments.

In this unit, students begin to explore African American history and the civil rights movement. Students will begin the unit by thinking about the ways in which people are similar and different, including skin color, and how those differences should not define who we are or how we are treated. In the second part of the unit, students will learn about the discrimination and injustices faced by African Americans leading up to and during the civil rights movement and why it was necessary to fight for change. They will learn about how communities came together to organize and stand up to injustice. Students will also explore how Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr.’s influential leadership influenced and inspired others to fight for change. It is our hope that this unit will help instill the values of diversity, justice, and action, and that it will serve as a launch for further discussions around discrimination, justice, and valuing individuals.

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Texts and Materials

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Core Materials

Assessment

This assessment accompanies this unit and should be given on the suggested assessment day or after completing the unit.

Unit Prep

Essential Questions

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  • What makes us different? What makes us the same?
  • Why was the civil rights movement important?

Writing Focus Areas

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Sentence-Level Focus Areas

  • Produce simple sentences orally or in writing.
  • Use the conjunctions “because” and “so” orally.
  • Use correct ending punctuation.
  • Use statements, questions, and exclamations orally or in writing.

Informational Writing Focus Areas

  • Name the topic they are writing about. 
  • Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to include some information about the topic. 

Vocabulary

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Text-based

boycott brave courageous custom deny diversity dream enforce freedom hopeful inspire injustice justice neutral nonviolent racism race segregation similarity threaten unequal unique vicious

To see all the vocabulary for this course, view our Kindergarten Vocabulary Glossary.

Content Knowledge and Connections

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This unit builds a deeper understanding of the following Social Justice Standards: The Teaching Tolerance Anti-bias Framework (Learning for Justice):

  • Identity 1: I know and like who I am and can talk about my family and myself and name some of my group identities.
  • Identity 2: I can talk about interesting and healthy ways that some people who share my group identities live their lives.
  • Diversity 7: I can describe some ways that I am similar to and different from people who share my identities and those who have other identities.
  • Diversity 8: I want to know about other people and how our lives and experiences are the same and different.
  • Justice 12: I know when people are treated unfairly.
  • Justice 13: I know some true stories about how people have been treated badly because of their group identities, and I do not like it.
  • Justice 14: I know that life is easier for some people and harder for others and the reasons for that are not always fair.
  • Justice 15: I know about people who helped stop unfairness and worked to make life better for many people.
  • Action 17: I can and will do something when I see unfairness; this includes telling an adult.
  • Action 20: I will join with classmates to make our classroom fair for everyone.

To prepare for this unit, we recommend reading the following resources.

Lesson Map

5

Writing

    L.K.1

    L.K.2

    W.K.2

    W.K.5

    W.K.8

Create an All About Me poster to highlight key aspects of identity.

6

  • The Other Side

    L.K.6

    RL.K.2

    RL.K.3

    SL.K.1

Retell what happened in The Other Side.

11

  • Martin's...

    L.K.6

    RI.K.3

    RI.K.7

    RI.K.8

    SL.K.1

Explain why Martin Luther King Jr. was important.

12

  • We March

    RI.K.3

    RI.K.7

    RI.K.8

    SL.K.1

Explain how people came together during the March for Freedom.

13

  • A Sweet...

    RI.K.3

    RI.K.7

    RI.K.8

    SL.K.1

Explain how Minnie and her sister showed courage.

14

  • I Have...

    RI.K.3

    RI.K.7

    RI.K.8

    SL.K.1

Describe the dreams that Martin Luther King Jr. had.

15

  • Be a King

    RI.K.3

    RI.K.7

    RI.K.8

    SL.K.1

Explain what it means to Be a King.

16

2 days

Writing

    L.K.1

    L.K.2

    W.K.2

    W.K.5

    W.K.8

Write about what you can do to Be a King.

17

Assessment

Common Core Standards

Core Standards

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L.K.1

L.K.2

L.K.6

RI.K.2

RI.K.3

RI.K.7

RI.K.8

RI.K.9

RL.K.2

RL.K.3

SL.K.1

SL.K.2

SL.K.6

W.K.2

W.K.5

W.K.8

Supporting Standards

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L.K.1.f

L.K.4

RI.K.1

RI.K.10

RI.K.4

RI.K.5

RI.K.6

RL.K.1

RL.K.10

SL.K.3

SL.K.4

SL.K.5