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# Linear Equations, Inequalities and Systems

## Objective

Solve a system of linear equations graphically.

## Common Core Standards

### Core Standards

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• A.CED.A.3 — Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. For example, represent inequalities describing nutritional and cost constraints on combinations of different foods.

• A.REI.D.11 — Explain why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersect are the solutions of the equation f(x) = g(x); find the solutions approximately, e.g., using technology to graph the functions, make tables of values, or find successive approximations. Include cases where f(x) and/or g(x) are linear, polynomial, rational, absolute value, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Modeling is best interpreted not as a collection of isolated topics but in relation to other standards. Making mathematical models is a Standard for Mathematical Practice, and specific modeling standards appear throughout the high school standards indicated by a star symbol (★). The star symbol sometimes appears on the heading for a group of standards; in that case, it should be understood to apply to all standards in that group.

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• 8.EE.C.8

## Criteria for Success

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1. Describe that the solution to a system of equations is the intersection point of the lines in the graph or a point that satisfies all equations.
2. Use the relationship between variables to write multiple functions that form a system of equations.
3. Describe the solution to a system of equations in the context of the problem.

## Tips for Teachers

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This lesson builds on work that students have done in grade 8 with systems of linear equations. Solving by graphing is taught first in this series on systems to provide a basis for systems of linear inequalities in the next lesson.

## Anchor Problems

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### Problem 1

Draw a system of linear equations with a solution of ${(-1,3)}$.

### Problem 2

You work for a video streaming company that has two monthly plans to choose from:

• Plan 1: A flat rate of $7 per month plus$2.50 per video viewed
• Plan 2: \$4 per video viewed

Write and graph an equation for each plan on a coordinate plane.

#### References

Illustrative Mathematics Video Streaming

Video Streaming, accessed on Oct. 19, 2017, 3:27 p.m., is licensed by Illustrative Mathematics under either the CC BY 4.0 or CC BY-NC-SA 4.0. For further information, contact Illustrative Mathematics.

Modified by Fishtank Learning, Inc.

### Problem 3

What is the solution to the systems shown below?

${\left\{\begin{matrix}y=3x+2 \\ 2y=6x-8 \end{matrix}\right.}$

Change the system so that it has ALL the same solutions.

## Problem Set

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The following resources include problems and activities aligned to the objective of the lesson that can be used to create your own problem set.

• Include problems where the system of equations results in no solutions and others where the system of equations results in all solutions. Do this in context.

Construct a system of two linear equations where  ${(-2,3)}$ is a solution to the first equation but not the second equation and where ${(5,-2)}$ is a solution to the system.