Right Triangles and Trigonometry

Lesson 16

Math

Unit 4

10th Grade

Lesson 16 of 19

Objective


Derive the area formula for any triangle in terms of sine.

Common Core Standards


Core Standards

  • G.SRT.D.9 — Derive the formula A = 1/2 ab sin(C) for the area of a triangle by drawing an auxiliary line from a vertex perpendicular to the opposite side.

Foundational Standards

  • 6.G.A.1

Criteria for Success


  1. Use the area formula for triangles to determine missing information in non-right triangles.
  2. Identify that an auxiliary altitude is necessary in non-right triangles to represent the height.
  3. Write the measurement of the height of a non-right triangle in terms of sine of the angle opposite to the height. 
  4. Assign the variables $$A$$, $$B$$, and $$C$$ to each of the vertices of a non-right triangle. 
  5. Assign the variables $$a$$$$b$$, and $$c$$ to each side opposite vertices $$A$$, $$B$$, and $$C$$ respectively in non-right triangles.
  6. Generalize the area formula for non-right triangles as $$\mathrm{Area}=\frac{1}{2}ab\mathrm{sin}(C)$$.
  7. Verify that the formula works for any non-right triangle once $$a$$$$b$$, and $$c$$  sides and $$A$$, $$B$$, and $$C$$ angles are defined.

Tips for Teachers


This post on Math Central is helpful in developing knowledge on the area formula in terms of sine for triangles. 

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Anchor Problems


Problem 1

Find the area of the following triangle.

Guiding Questions

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Problem 2

Write a formula for the area of this non-right triangle.

Guiding Questions

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Problem Set


The following resources include problems and activities aligned to the objective of the lesson that can be used to create your own problem set.

  • Include problems where the students are given the area and need to find missing information about the non-right triangle.
  • Include problems where the students are given the area and need to find missing information about the non-right triangle.

Target Task


Explain why $${\frac{1}{2}ab\mathrm{sin}(C)}$$ gives the area of a triangle with sides $$a$$ and $$b$$ and included angle $$C$$.

References

EngageNY Mathematics Precalculus and Advanced Topics > Module 4 > Topic B > Lesson 7Exit Ticket, Question #2

Precalculus and Advanced Topics > Module 4 > Topic B > Lesson 7 of the New York State Common Core Mathematics Curriculum from EngageNY and Great Minds. © 2015 Great Minds. Licensed by EngageNY of the New York State Education Department under the CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 US license. Accessed Dec. 2, 2016, 5:15 p.m..

Modified by Fishtank Learning, Inc.
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Lesson 15

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Lesson 17

Lesson Map

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Topic A: Right Triangle Properties and Side-Length Relationships

Topic B: Right Triangle Trigonometry

Topic C: Applications of Right Triangle Trigonometry

Topic D: The Unit Circle

Topic E: Trigonometric Ratios in Non-Right Triangles