Exploring Ancient Civilizations: Rome

Lesson 1

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Describe how the Roman Army shaped the future of the Roman Empire. 

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Ancient Rome and Pompeii: A Nonfiction Companion to Magic Tree House #13 by Mary Pope Osborne and Natalie Pope Boyce (April 2006)  pp. 13 – 18

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Target Task


Writing Prompt

How did the Roman Army help shape the future of the Roman Empire? 

Sample Response


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Key Questions


What does the author mean by the statement, “Legend has it that Romulus went on to found the city of Rome and named it for himself”?
Why was the River Tiber important in the founding of the Roman Empire?
How did the Roman army help shape the future of the Roman Empire?
What is a republic?
Why was 27 BC–AD 476 called the age of emperors?





to have power or authority over an area and its people



removed from power



a country run by elected leaders



to take control of a place or people by force




Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

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Common Core Standards

  • RI.3.2 — Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.

  • RI.3.3 — Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.

  • RI.3.5 — Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.

Supporting Standards