Exploring Ancient Civilizations: Rome

Students explore the rise and fall of the ancient Roman Empire and Roman civilization, its various leaders, routines, and rituals, while practicing multiple informational reading strategies.

Unit Summary

In this unit students explore the rise and fall of the ancient Roman Empire. Over the course of the unit, students learn about different characteristics of the Roman Empire, what lead to the Empire’s growth and success, and what eventually lead to the Empire’s demise. Through learning about the daily routines, structures, and rituals of the Roman Empire, students will be challenged to draw conclusions about what the civilization valued and how those values compare to societal values today. This unit builds onto the 2nd grade nonfiction unit on ancient Greece, in which students began to think about how the daily routines, structures, and rituals of a civilization show what they value. This unit, in conjunction with the second grade unit on ancient Greece, will help students understand early influences in the world and the first republics.

The mentor texts for this unit, Ancient Rome and Pompeii: A Nonfiction Companion to Magic Tree House and Eye Wonder: Ancient Rome, allow students to practice multiple informational reading strategies in two very different text structures. In both texts, but predominately in Eye Wonder, students will practice using a multitude of text features and illustrations as a way of learning new information about a topic. Over the course of this unit, students will constantly be thinking about how the information from one text builds on and connects to the information in the other text. Then at the end of the unit, students will be asked to critically analyze the similarities and differences between the two texts.

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Texts and Materials

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Core Materials

Assessment

These assessments accompany this unit to help gauge student understanding of key unit content and skills. Additional progress monitoring suggestions are included throughout the unit.

Unit Prep

Essential Questions

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  • How did the city of Rome expand and grow? 
  • What was life like in the Roman Empire? What did the Romans value? 
  • What led to the decline and fall of the Roman Empire? 
  • What were some of the key contributions of Ancient Roman civilization? How have they influenced the present? 

Vocabulary

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Text-based

citizen conquer convenience decline disciplined efficient eternal eventually exquisite foreigner found hurl leisure overthrew privileges prosperous quarrel renowned republic resent rights rule siege slaughter sturdy timeless tragic triumph victorious

Root/Affix

-ence -less -ous over-

To see all the vocabulary for this course, view our 3rd Grade Vocabulary Glossary.

Content Knowledge and Connections

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Lesson Map

3

Writing

    L.3.1.f

    L.3.1.i

Make sentences better and more informative by adding more details. 

4

  • Ancient Rome and Pompeii pp. 41 – 54

    RI.3.2

    RI.3.3

Explain why the Romans were always ready for war. 

17

  • “The Fall of the Roman Empire”

    RI.3.3

Explain what caused the fall of the Roman Empire. 

21

Assessment

Common Core Standards

Core Standards

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L.3.1

L.3.1.f

L.3.1.h

L.3.1.i

L.3.2

L.3.2.f

RI.3.2

RI.3.3

RI.3.5

RI.3.7

RI.3.9

SL.3.1

SL.3.1.a

SL.3.1.d

W.3.2

W.3.2.a

W.3.2.b

W.3.7

W.3.8

Supporting Standards

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L.3.3.b

L.3.4

L.3.4.b

L.3.5

L.3.6

RF.3.3

RF.3.4

RI.3.1

RI.3.10

RI.3.4

SL.3.1.b

SL.3.4

SL.3.5

SL.3.6

W.3.10

W.3.4

W.3.5

W.3.6