Discovering Mythology: Roman Myths

Students read, discuss and analyze a collection of Roman myths as they learn about the values and beliefs of the ancient Roman Empire and consider the role that myths, gods, and storytelling held.

Unit Summary

This unit connects with the third grade Social Studies Unit 1, Ancient Rome. In the Social Studies unit, students study and learn about the values and beliefs of the ancient Roman Empire. In this literature unit, students begin to see the role that myths, gods, and storytelling had in ancient Rome by reading a collection on Roman myths. While reading the myths, students will be challenged to think about how the myths illustrate and show the beliefs and customs of the Roman Empire. Students will also be challenged to think what the myths teach about retaliation and generosity. 

In reading and writing, this unit focuses on helping readers solidify their understanding of the connection between recounting stories, determining a central message, and using details to explain how the central message is conveyed. Through multiple readings of the same myths, students will be able to analyze and discover the way in which messages are developed. Students will then be pushed to articulate this understanding both orally and in writing. Rereading the same myth multiple times also supports students fluency and vocabulary development.

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Texts and Materials

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Core Materials

Assessment

These assessments accompany this unit to help gauge student understanding of key unit content and skills. Additional progress monitoring suggestions are included throughout the unit.

Unit Prep

Essential Questions

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  • What messages do Roman myths convey about retaliation? 
  • What messages do Roman myths convey about the power of generosity? 
  • Who were the twelve major gods and goddesses who were honored and worshiped in ancient Rome? What role do they play in different myths?  

Vocabulary

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Text-based

aimless armful assured banished bear delightfully despair desperately dispute dilemma disappearance disbelief disobey enraged envy eternal fearful flattered helpless imprisoned injustice misery mourn outcast overwhelmed persuade radiant restless sorrow sorrowfully sympathy taunted took pity torment unravels unseen unwise watchful wickedness

Root/Affix

-ful -ly -less -ness dis- en- im- in- un-

To see all the vocabulary for this course, view our 3rd Grade Vocabulary Glossary.

Lesson Map

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  • Roman Myths — “Prometheus and Io“

    RL.3.2

    RL.3.3

Describe what happened to Io. 

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Assessment

Common Core Standards

Core Standards

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L.3.1

L.3.2

RL.3.2

RL.3.3

SL.3.1

W.3.1

W.3.1.a

W.3.1.b

W.3.1.d

W.3.3

W.3.3.b

W.3.3.c

W.3.3.d

Spiral Standards

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L.3.1.a

L.3.1.d

L.3.1.e

L.3.1.f

L.3.1.g

L.3.1.h

L.3.2.c

L.3.3

L.3.3.a

L.3.4.a

L.3.4.b

L.3.5.c

L.3.6

RF.3.3

RF.3.4

RL.3.1

RL.3.10

RL.3.4

RL.3.7

SL.3.1.a

SL.3.1.b

SL.3.1.c

SL.3.1.d

SL.3.6

W.3.10

W.3.4

W.3.5

W.3.6