Passing Down Wisdom: Hispanic and African American Folktales

Lesson 9

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Recount what happens in “The Goat From the Hill and Mountains.”

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Tales Our Abuelitas Told, A Hispanic Folktale Collection by F. Isabel Campoy and Alma Flora Ada  — "The Goat From the Hill and Mountains"

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Target Task


Writing Prompt

Recount what happens in “The Goat From the Hill and the Mountains.”

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Key Questions


Pg. 55 Describe where the story takes place. What makes the family happy?

Pg. 55 The author says the “goat merely looked at her with disdain and said in a threatening voice, ‘I’m the goat from the hills and mountains, and I love to eat young girls for dessert!’ What does the word disdain most likely mean? What does it show about the goat? 
Pg. 56 What happens each time someone goes to scare the goat away? How does the goat respond? How does the person respond? Why? (Key quote to analyze – “By now the girl was crying, the woman glowering, her husband fuming, and the solider was stomping about in frustration.” )
Pg. 57 Analyze the significance of the illustration. 
Pg. 58 Why does the ant state he needs to be paid? Was that always his intention? Why or why not? 
Pg. 58 How does the little ant solve the problem? 
Spiral Essential Question from unit one: How can people step in to help others? Do you have to be friends with someone to help them? Why or why not?



tended     (v.)

gave attention to or took care of something

rendered     (v.)

caused something

disdain     (v.)

to really not like someone or something

unsuspecting     (adj.)

not knowing or thinking something could happen

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

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Common Core Standards

  • RL.3.2 — Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text.

  • RL.3.3 — Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events.

Spiral Standards