Interpreting Perspectives: Greek Myths

Lesson 12


Unit 4

4th Grade

Lesson 12 of 23


Explain how comparing different forms of a literary text helps build a deeper understanding of the text and which author’s craft decisions or structures have the greatest influence on how events are described.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: I am Arachne: Fifteen Greek and Roman Myths by Elizabeth Spires  pp. 2 – 5

  • Book: Greek Myth Plays by Carol Pugliano-Martin  pp. 48 – 51

  • Book: The McElderry Book of Greek Myths by Eric A. Kimmel 

  • Book: Echo Echo: Reverso Poems about Greek Myths by Marilyn Singer 

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Target Task

Discussion & Writing Prompt

Identify a theme of Arachne. How does the structure of the text influence a reader's understanding of Arachne and the development of theme? 

Extend: What author’s craft decisions or structures have the greatest influence on how the theme is developed?

Sample Response

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Common Core Standards

  • RL.4.2 — Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.
  • RL.4.5 — Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.
  • RL.4.6 — Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.
  • RL.4.7 — Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.
  • RL.4.9 — Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.
  • W.4.1 — Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information

Supporting Standards

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